Propane Liquid and Propane Vapor

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Before used, propane exists in one of two forms, liquid or vapor. Both forms of propane are usable but cannot be used interchangeably. Simply put, a propane system designed to use vapor can’t utilize propane in its liquid form and vice-versa. In addition, the characteristics of propane liquid and propane vapor are so different that the primary properties we are concerned with are as different as night and day. With propane liquid, temperature is the primary factor whereas weight is the main concern regarding propane vapor. Consider it this way, water is liquid and steam is water vapor. The same holds true for propane and is explained in detail in this article.

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Converting Gas Appliances

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Gas appliance conversions to either natural gas or propane involves the changing of internal parts to properly compensate for the differing pressures between the two. Appliances fueled either by natural gas or propane can be converted to run on the other provided an approved conversion kit is available.

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Can I Paint My Propane Tank?

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The answer to this question is yes. However, can you paint it any color you want? No, you cannot. NFPA 58 states that propane containers must be painted a heat reflective color. The majority of state regulatory agencies have their own rule addressing this specific issue but the national code declares that LP Gas containers must be painted a heat reflective color unless installed in an extremely cold environment.

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Propane Tank Safety Relief Valves

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One of the most important and vital valves on any LP Gas container is the safety relief valve. It is required by law that all propane tanks and cylinders are to be fitted with pressure relief devices designed to relieve excess pressure. The function of a safety relief valve is to prevent a propane tank from rupturing in the unlikely event of excessive pressure buildup. Propane tank relief valves are also known as pop off valves, pressure valves or relief valves.

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Importance of the Propane Fill Valve

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Propane is introduced to any approved container by the fill valve, also known as the filler valve. These fill valves allow the liquid to flow in only one direction which is into the tank. LP Gas fill valves incorporate backflow prevention, so the fill valve is not ideal for withdrawing propane from within the tank.

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Integral Twin Stage LPG Regulators

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Texas twin-stage propane regulators are a combination of both first and second stage regulators assembled into one unit. Texas integral twin stage regulators are always installed at the tank and compensate for varying tank pressures on the inlet side and deliver steady service line pressure compensating for varying appliance demand on the outlet side. Texas integral twin stage regulators are utilized in propane vapor service only and are the most common type of regulators used in Texas residential propane gas installations.

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High Pressure LP Gas Regulators

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Similar to all Texas propane regulators, high pressure LP Gas regulators stand between higher pressure on the inlet side and appliances or equipment requiring a lower pressure on the outlet side. Texas red propane regulators signify high pressure modulation and are frequently used in combination with a second stage regulator in a two stage regulator system. However, than can be used independently as well in systems where appliance or gas equipment demands are high and the only way to satisfy requirements is with a high pressure regulator.

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All About Propane Regulators

file0001185225767The propane gas regulator is one of the most crucial parts of a propane gas system. The purpose of the regulator is to control the flow of gas and lower the pressure from the tank to the appliance(s) in the gas system. Not only does the regulator act as a control regarding the flow and distribution of propane, but it also acts as a safety barrier between the high pressure of the tank and the end use appliance(s). Most will rightfully argue that the LP Gas regulator is the heart of any propane gas system.

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Important Propane Tank Nameplate Information

file0001279412224A manufacturer’s nameplate is the one thing that identifies a propane tank as unique. It also provides all pertinent information about that particular tank. The nameplate serves several purposes, the main one being to identify the tank as a propane tank.

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Is There a Shortage of Propane?

gas-1689222_960_720According to the ICF International’s release of its “2013 Propane Market Outlook”, the conditions of the propane industry were looking pretty decent, as new applications were going to create more opportunities, prices were dropping comparably to diesel and gasoline, and most notably, a jump in supply transitioned the U.S. to become a net supporter. However, in 2014 this picture had frosted over. A propane shortage was experienced by many states, as 45 percent of the national supply had been depleted and prices have skyrocketed by 75 percent. What caused this shortage though?

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